Kadaknath, also called Kali Masi (fowl having black flesh) or the black chickens poultry farm shows a high potential to become a profitable business in many areas of the country.
However, there are many chickens out there that are not commonly seen. One such species of chicken is called black chicken.
According to researchers, government officials and farmers, the black chicken is a rare species of chicken.
This chicken is now being farmed commercially in Bangladesh. And poultry owners said it has become increasingly popular with farmers over the past few years.
From the crest of the black chicken’s head to the legs, that is, all its limbs are black. Feathers, skin, lips, nails, crests, tongue, flesh and even bones up to black.
The real name of this chicken is Ayam Kemani (Indonesian Language), Ayam means chicken and Kemani means completely black. The name of this chicken is Kadaknath or Kalomasi at Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh in India. Black chickens have been brought to Bangladesh from Madhya Pradesh of India.
Kamrul Islam Masud of Narsingdi district in Bangladesh started its production. He was surprised to go to India for work and eat black chicken. Then he brought it to the country and started production.
He said that after learning about its quality, he thought about production. In the beginning he brought 300 roosters and chickens. Now the farm produces two to two and a half thousand black chicks a month. The weight of this chicken or rooster can be from two to two and a half kg.
A pair of black chickens and roosters cost 4,000 taka. In 2016, the price of a pair of chickens and roosters was 10 thousand taka.
Many people think that black chicken cures various diseases. This chicken is highly valued in the country for its medicinal properties.
Regarding black chicken, Maksuda Begum, an assistant professor at Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, said that agronomists in Bangladesh know black chicken as Kadaknath Breed or Kalomasi. It first came to the country in 2016. Kamrul Islam Masud of Narsingdi district started its production.
She added that the taste of this chicken meat is more than the local chicken. In terms of nutritional value, black chicken meat is rich in antioxidants and iron. Cholesterol levels in this chicken are much lower than in normal chicken. Eating this chicken meat controls blood pressure and blood sugar levels.
In addition, its meat is high in fatty acids. Protein levels are also several times higher than all other chicken meats. Many people think that eating black chicken or chicken meat cures many complex diseases. This chicken is highly valued in the country for its medicinal properties.
However, the Kadaknath is popular for its adaptability and its grey-black meat, which is believed to infuse vigour. Its colour is caused by melanin.
The roosters weigh 1.8–2 kg and the hens 1.2–1.5 kg. Kadaknath hens’ eggs are brown with a slightly pink tint; they are poor setters and rarely hatch their own brood. Eggs weigh an average of 30–35 g.
Kadaknath birds are grey-black all over and have gold plumage with greenish iridescence. The greyish black colour is present in the legs and toenails, beak, tongue, comb and wattles; even the meat, bones and organs have grey coloration.
Moreover, a white leghorn hen is selectively bred to lay 320 – 330 eggs out of 365 days in a year, whereas kadaknath hen lays around 120 -130 eggs a year taking the same amount of feed as that of a white leghorn hen.
Kadaknath being a wild breed involves in lot of physical activity and its weight gain is slow and steady. A kadaknath attains body weight of 1.5 Kg in 120 -130 days. It takes nearly thrice the time to attain half the body weight of a broiler chicken. If anyone don’t kill the bird, it will live till the age of 12 years reaching maximum of around 2 Kg body weight only.
Due to Kadaknath’s high protein and very low fat and cholesterol levels, it is in high demand.